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Lookup English Definition:

information    : [,ɪnfɚm'eʃən] [ɪnf'ɔrm'eʃən]
Information \In`for*ma"tion\, n. [F., fr. L. informatio
representation, conception. See {Inform}, v. t.]
1. The act of informing, or communicating knowledge or
intelligence.
[1913 Webster]

The active informations of the intellect. --South.
[1913 Webster]

2. Any fact or set of facts, knowledge, news, or advice,
whether communicated by others or obtained by personal
study and investigation; any datum that reduces
uncertainty about the state of any part of the world;
intelligence; knowledge derived from reading, observation,
or instruction.
[1913 Webster PJC]

Larger opportunities of information. --Rogers.
[1913 Webster]

He should get some information in the subject he
intends to handle. --Swift.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Law) A proceeding in the nature of a prosecution for some
offense against the government, instituted and prosecuted,
really or nominally, by some authorized public officer on
behalf of the government. It differs from an indictment in
criminal cases chiefly in not being based on the finding
of a grand jury. See {Indictment}.
[1913 Webster]

4. (Information Theory) A measure of the number of possible
choices of messages contained in a symbol, signal,
transmitted message, or other information-bearing object;
it is usually quantified as the negative logarithm of the
number of allowed symbols that could be contained in the
message; for logarithms to the base 2, the measure
corresponds to the unit of information, the hartley, which
is log210, or 3.323 bits; called also {information
content}. The smallest unit of information that can be
contained or transmitted is the bit, corresponding to a
yes-or-no decision.
[PJC]

5. (Computers) Useful facts, as contrasted with raw data; as,
among all this data, there must be some interesting
information.
[PJC]

information
n 1: a message received and understood [synonym: {information},
{info}]
2: knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction
3: formal accusation of a crime
4: a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn;
"statistical data" [synonym: {data}, {information}]
5: (communication theory) a numerical measure of the uncertainty
of an outcome; "the signal contained thousands of bits of
information" [synonym: {information}, {selective information},
{entropy}]

213 Moby Thesaurus words for "information":
ALGOL, COBOL, ESP, FORTRAN, accusal, accusation, accusing,
acquaintance, advice, allegation, allegement, alphabetic data,
alphanumeric code, angular data, answer, arraignment, assembler,
bail, bill of particulars, binary digit, binary scale,
binary system, bit, blame, brass tacks, bringing of charges,
bringing to book, broadcast journalism, bug, byte, catechization,
charge, coaching, command pulses, commands, commerce,
communication, communion, compiler, complaint, computer code,
computer language, computer program, congress, connection, contact,
control signals, controlled quantity, conversation, converse,
corpus, correcting signals, correspondence, count, data, datum,
dealing, dealings, delation, denouncement, denunciation, didactics,
direction, dirt, dope, edification, education, enlightenment,
error, error signals, essential facts, essentials, exchange,
experience, expertise, facts, factual base, familiarity,
feedback pulses, feedback signals, film data, gen, guidance,
hexadecimal system, illumination, impeachment, implication,
imputation, indictment, info, innuendo, input data, input quantity,
insinuation, instruction, instructions, intelligence, interaction,
interchange, intercommunication, intercommunion, intercourse,
interplay, intimacy, journalism, ken, know-how, knowing, knowledge,
lawsuit, laying of charges, linguistic intercourse, lore, low-down,
machine language, message, multiple messages, news, news agency,
news medium, news service, newsiness, newsletter, newsmagazine,
newspaper, newsworthiness, noise, numeric data, octal system,
oscillograph data, output data, output quantity, pedagogics,
pedagogy, plaint, play, polar data, poop, practical knowledge,
presentment, press association, private knowledge,
private teaching, privity, programmed instruction, prosecution,
punch-card data, radio, random data, ratio cognoscendi,
rectangular data, reeducation, reference quantity, reply, report,
reportage, reproach, response, ruly English, schooling, science,
self-instruction, self-knowledge, self-teaching, signals,
single messages, social intercourse, speaking, speech,
speech circuit, speech situation, spoon-feeding, suit, talking,
taxing, teaching, technic, technics, technique, telegraph agency,
telepathy, television, the data, the details, the dope, the facts,
the fourth estate, the information, the particulars, the picture,
the press, the scoop, the score, the specifics, the whole story,
tidings, touch, traffic, truck, true bill, tuition, tutelage,
tutorage, tutoring, tutorship, two-way communication,
unorganized data, unspoken accusation, veiled accusation,
visible-speech data, wire service, wisdom, word

The result of applying {data processing} to {data},
giving it context and meaning. Information can then be
further processed to yeild {knowledge}.

People or computers can find patterns in data to perceive
information, and information can be used to enhance
{knowledge}. Since knowledge is prerequisite to wisdom, we
always want more data and information. But, as modern
societies verge on {information overload}, we especially need
better ways to find patterns.

1234567.89 is data.

"Your bank balance has jumped 8087% to $1234567.89" is
information.

"Nobody owes me that much money" is knowledge.

"I'd better talk to the bank before I spend it, because of
what has happened to other people" is wisdom.

(2007-09-10)



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  • INFORMATION | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary
    Therefore, they must cope with the problem of representing very diverse lexical information at different levels of granularity, and store the information efficiently From Cambridge English Corpus However, to obtain the variance matrix, the true parameter values are replaced by their estimates and the information matrix is inverted numerically
  • information definition | English definition dictionary . . .
    Search information and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso You can complete the definition of information given by the English Definition dictionary with other English dictionaries: Wikipedia, Lexilogos, Oxford, Cambridge, Chambers Harrap, Wordreference, Collins Lexibase dictionaries, Merriam Webster
  • Information definition and meaning | Collins English . . .
    Information definition: Information about someone or something consists of facts about them | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples
  • Search definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary
    British English: search sɜːtʃ NOUN A search is an attempt to find something by looking for it carefully After an hour-long search, she finally found her ring
  • english dictionary definition meaning
    english dictionary definition meaning-dictionary english dictionary,free online english dictionary,meaining,definitions and audio pronunciations of words english dictionary definition meaning YesDictionary com
  • Lookup | Definition of Lookup by Merriam-Webster
    Lookup definition is - an act, process, or instance of looking something up (as in a reference work or listing) How to use lookup in a sentence
  • English | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary
    English definition: 1 the language that is spoken in the UK, the US, and in many other countries: 2 the people of England 3 in or relating to the English language: Learn more
  • Dictionary. com | Meanings and Definitions of Words at . . .
    Dictionary com is the world’s leading online source for English definitions, synonyms, word origins and etymologies, audio pronunciations, example sentences, slang phrases, idioms, word games, legal and medical terms, Word of the Day and more For over 20 years, Dictionary com has been helping millions of people improve their use of the English language with its free digital services
  • Information | Definition of Information by Merriam-Webster
    English Language Learners Definition of information : knowledge that you get about someone or something : facts or details about a subject US : a service that telephone users can call to find out the telephone number for a specified person or organization
  • dictionary | Definition of dictionary in English by Lexico . . .
    ‘The latest dictionary contains new words and phrases that sum up life in the UK today ’ ‘Often he would search for minutes in his Arabic-English dictionary for the exact word he wanted ’ ‘We had to get up at one point and look up a word in the dictionary because he didn't believe me that it existed ’





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