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knowledge    : [n'ɑlədʒ] [n'ɑlɪdʒ]
Knowledge \Knowl"edge\, n. [OE. knowlage, knowlege, knowleche,
knawleche. The last part is the Icel. suffix -leikr, forming
abstract nouns, orig. the same as Icel. leikr game, play,
sport, akin to AS. l[=a]c, Goth. laiks dance. See {Know}, and
cf. {Lake}, v. i., {Lark} a frolic.]
[1913 Webster]
1. The act or state of knowing; clear perception of fact,
truth, or duty; certain apprehension; familiar cognizance;
cognition.
[1913 Webster]

Knowledge, which is the highest degree of the
speculative faculties, consists in the perception of
the truth of affirmative or negative propositions.
--Locke.
[1913 Webster]

2. That which is or may be known; the object of an act of
knowing; a cognition; -- chiefly used in the plural.
[1913 Webster]

There is a great difference in the delivery of the
mathematics, which are the most abstracted of
knowledges. --Bacon.
[1913 Webster]

Knowledges is a term in frequent use by Bacon, and,
though now obsolete, should be revived, as without
it we are compelled to borrow "cognitions" to
express its import. --Sir W.
Hamilton.
[1913 Webster]

To use a word of Bacon's, now unfortunately
obsolete, we must determine the relative value of
knowledges. --H. Spencer.
[1913 Webster]

3. That which is gained and preserved by knowing;
instruction; acquaintance; enlightenment; learning;
scholarship; erudition.
[1913 Webster]

Knowledge puffeth up, but charity edifieth. --1 Cor.
viii. 1.
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Ignorance is the curse of God;
Knowledge, the wing wherewith we fly to heaven.
--Shak.
[1913 Webster]

4. That familiarity which is gained by actual experience;
practical skill; as, a knowledge of life.
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Shipmen that had knowledge of the sea. --1 Kings ix.
27.
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5. Scope of information; cognizance; notice; as, it has not
come to my knowledge.
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Why have I found grace in thine eyes, that thou
shouldst take knowledge of me? --Ruth ii. 10.
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6. Sexual intercourse; -- usually preceded by carnal; same as
{carnal knowledge}.

Syn: See {Wisdom}.
[1913 Webster]


Knowledge \Knowl"edge\, v. t.
To acknowledge. [Obs.] "Sinners which knowledge their sins."
--Tyndale.
[1913 Webster]

knowledge
n 1: the psychological result of perception and learning and
reasoning [synonym: {cognition}, {knowledge}, {noesis}]

112 Moby Thesaurus words for "knowledge":
IQ, account, acquaintance, adeptness, advice, announcement,
appreciation, apprehension, awareness, blue book, briefing,
broadening the mind, bulletin, caliber, capacity, cognition,
communication, communique, comprehension, conception,
consciousness, data, datum, deductive power, directory,
discernment, dispatch, education, enlightenment, erudition,
esemplastic power, evidence, experience, expertise, facts,
factual information, familiarity, familiarization, gen,
general information, grasp, guidebook, handout, hard information,
ideation, incidental information, info, information, insight,
instruction, integrative power, intellect,
intellectual acquirement, intellectual grasp, intellectual power,
intellectualism, intellectuality, intelligence,
intelligence quotient, knowing, learning, light, lore,
mastery of skills, memorization, mental age, mental capacity,
mental cultivation, mental culture, mental grasp, mental ratio,
mentality, mention, message, mother wit, native wit, news, notice,
notification, power of mind, presentation, proficiency,
promotional material, proof, publication, publicity, rationality,
reasoning power, release, report, sanity, scholarship, schooling,
science, scope of mind, self-instruction, sense, sidelight,
statement, storing the mind, the dope, the goods, the know,
the scoop, thinking power, transmission, understanding, white book,
white paper, wisdom, wit, word

The objects,
concepts and relationships that are assumed to exist in some
area of interest. A collection of {knowledge}, represented
using some {knowledge representation} language is known as a
{knowledge base} and a program for extending and/or querying a
knowledge base is a {knowledge-based system}.

Knowledge differs from {data} or {information} in that new
knowledge may be created from existing knowledge using logical
{inference}. If information is data plus meaning then
knowledge is information plus processing.

A common form of knowledge, e.g. in a {Prolog} program, is a
collection of {facts} and {rules} about some subject.

For example, a {knowledge base} about a family might contain
the facts that John is David's son and Tom is John's son and
the rule that the son of someone's son is their grandson.
From this knowledge it could infer the new fact that Tom is
David's grandson.

See also {Knowledge Level}.

(1994-10-19)



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  • KNOWLEDGE | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary
    "knowledge" in Business English › skill in, understanding of, or information about something, which a person gets by experience or study: People working in stores need better product knowledge deny all any knowledge of sth The chairman denies all knowledge of any foreign accounts
  • Knowledge definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary
    Knowledge is information and understanding about a subject which a person has, or which all people have She told Parliament she had no knowledge of the affair [+ of] the quest for scientific knowledge
  • English | Definition of English at Dictionary. com
    In pronunciation, "En-" has become "In-," but the older spelling has remained Meaning "English language or literature as a subject at school" is from 1889 As an adjective, "of or belonging to England," from late 13c Old English is from early 13c
  • Deep knowledge definition and meaning | Collins English . . .
    The Queen's love and deep knowledge of all aspects of the game is genuine and well documented The Sun ( 2009 ) There is no doubting her deep knowledge of the world Times, Sunday Times ( 2014 ) But those with a deep knowledge of women's football history wouldn't have been surprised
  • dictionary,english dictionary,english definition,english . . .
    install english dictionary definition meaning lookup widget! Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary The World's most comprehensive free online dictionary, thesaurus, and encyclopedia with synonyms, definitions, idioms, abbreviations, and medical, financial, legal specialized dictionaries
  • current knowledge definition | English dictionary for . . .
    Search current knowledge and thousands of other words in English Cobuild dictionary from Reverso You can complete the definition of current knowledge given by the English Cobuild dictionary with other English dictionaries : Wikipedia, Lexilogos, Oxford, Cambridge, Chambers Harrap, Wordreference, Collins Lexibase dictionaries, Merriam Webster
  • state of knowledge definition | English definition . . .
    state of knowledge definition, state of knowledge meaning | English dictionary state 9 often cap one of a number of areas or communities having their own governments and forming a federation under a sovereign government, as in the U S n a state consisting of a sovereign city and its dependencies
  • Cambridge English Dictionary: Definitions Meanings
    The most popular dictionary and thesaurus Definitions meanings of words in English with examples, synonyms, pronunciations and translations Cambridge English Dictionary: Definitions Meanings Cambridge dictionaries logo
  • Dictionary. com | Meanings and Definitions of Words at . . .
    Dictionary com is the world’s leading online source for English definitions, synonyms, word origins and etymologies, audio pronunciations, example sentences, slang phrases, idioms, word games, legal and medical terms, Word of the Day and more For over 20 years, Dictionary com has been helping millions of people improve their use of the English language with its free digital services
  • knowledge | Definition of knowledge in English by Oxford . . .
    Definition of knowledge in English: knowledge noun mass noun 1Facts, information, and skills acquired through experience or education; the theoretical or practical understanding of a subject





English Dictionary  2005-2009

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